The Ultimate Guide to Incense Sticks

October 2021

From scenting your home to reducing anxiety and its use in ceremony, the ancient aromatic material of incense holds rich, cultural significance, along with many remarkable benefits that are valuable to contemporary living. If you want to know more about what incense is good for, we are here to take you on a guide through its history, material, and best uses.


What are incense sticks?

Incense sticks are aromatic biotic materials that allow a fragrant smoke to fill a room when burned. The aroma can be used for many reasons – for how it looks, smells and when combined with aromatic oils the scents can aid meditative practice and relaxation.


How to light incense sticks

In order to release the fragrance of the incense stick, you simply light the stick and place it in an incense stick holder to keep it away from surfaces. Blowing out the flame when lit encourages the stick to produce glowing ash-like embers that release the soothing scent.



Where did incense originate?

The history of incense dates back to ancient times, and the burning of incense has long been connected with spiritual practice and religion. ‘Incense’ derives from the Latin verb ‘incendere’ meaning ‘to burn, and since the invention of fire, there is evidence that people would burn natural materials such as barks, berries and resins to release their pleasant aroma, with more sophisticated evidence used in Ancient Egypt, later spreading to Greece and Rome. Frankincense was popular with the Egyptians who would burn incense as a religious offering during worship as well as protection for the deceased. Because of these ancient uses, spirituality, peace and ritualism have remained intrinsic to burning incense.


What are incense sticks used for?

Although still used for spiritual practice in many cultures, the peaceful connotations and influence of incense sticks have been adopted by the western world to create a calming atmosphere and a relaxing environment at home. Smell is one of the most powerful of all the senses and has the ability to alter emotions and perceptions in seconds. For this reason, burning incense is a simple but powerful way to enhance the surroundings.

Incense may also be used whilst practising yoga and meditation, the incense smells provide help with relaxation and focus. The clever fragrance is able to create a sense of comfort and homeliness within minutes. An ideal way to ease yourself into the ritual of burning incense is with a starter kit. Traditional incense scents like Frankincense and Myrrh are perfect for those who haven’t experienced incense before, as burning them reveals exotic scents that have been enjoyed by many cultures for thousands of years.


What is incense made of?

Incense is a substance, often made from natural material, that is burned for the purpose of the scent it produces. Depending on the desired scent, the plant-based material can come from resins, barks, seeds, flowers, roots, leaves and spices. Different cultures developed various forms but the most common way to make incense involves coating a thin bamboo stick with combustible paste made from coal, fibres of bamboo and binding agent, which is then either rolled in the ground up scent material or infused in the extracted essential oils, which is the method we use.


Incense Stick vs Incense Cone

There is plenty of discussion whether incense cones are better than sticks, and vise versa. Here is some information on two of the most common forms of incense:


Incense Stick

The incense stick as we know it has been used in many ancient cultures, such as India and Egypt, for decades. The type we produce at Czech & Speake has its origins in China. This form of incense consists of a thin stick made from bamboo, coated in scent infused material. This would be our recommended choice as the even thickness of the material allows the aroma to be released gradually over an extended period.


Incense Cone

The incense cone has no supporting centre, instead the fragrant material is pressed into a small cone shape. The dense area of fragrant material is good for producing strong scent, although it doesn’t last as long as a stick.


Incense benefits

There is good reason why burning incense has been around for so long. Fragrance has the remarkable power to stimulate the mind and trigger positive responses, with specific essential oils used for certain purposes.



Relaxation is a typical response that is ideal for your home space. Frankincense incense in particular has been discovered to alleviate anxiety and depression. Incense can be used in any space of the house; as you might use scented candles to relax during a soak, try burning incense in the bathroom.



Incense is good for meditation as the burning scent heightens your senses and deepens attention, to allow you to practice the ritual with a focused and positive piece of mind.



Alternatively for a more lively affair, you can choose deep, exotic incense stick smells to set the atmosphere or mood for an event or an evening of entertainment. You could choose sensuous sandalwood or romantic rose…



Traditional Incense Scents



Frankincense is an aromatic resin taken from the Boswellia tree, its smell is earthy, herbaceous, woody and citrusy – it can be compared to the scent of rosemary. The frankincense scent has deep connections with incense history, with great benefits to the psyche. Scientific research has shown that burning frankincense reduces anxiety through awakening brain pathways. Czech & Speake paired frankincense with its iconic partner, myrrh, in our Frankincense & Myrrh Incense Sticks.



Floral incense sticks capture the natural aroma of flowers by using their extracted essential oils. Traditional scents include rose, lavender and jasmine. Lavender is known for its relaxing properties that aid sleep, which could be useful to burn when winding down in the evening. Alternatively the smell of rose is romantic and sensuous, which would be good for burning to set an atmosphere. Our Dark Rose incense sticks combine the rose scent with spices such as saffron, to create evocative and indulgent surroundings.




Sandalwood comes from an evergreen tree under the class of genus Santalum, native to India and Indonesia. Its aroma is exotic, deep and woody, often described as creamy, with sweet accents. Sandalwood is a highly traditional incense scent; in ancient times, the wood chips would have been burnt directly for their warming, fragrant scent. As sandalwood burns so well in incense, it appears in most of our incense stick scent formulas. Discover No.88 Incense Sticks, Frankincense & Myrrh Incense Sticks, Perfecto Fino Incense Sticks and Spanish Cedar Incense Sticks.



Citrus based incense use the essential oils from citrus fruits. Lemon and orange are common fragrances, with bright, clean aromas that inspire positivity. Orange blossom is a traditional Chinese incense scent used for happiness in marriage.


Incense by Czech & Speake

At Czech & Speake, we have been producing incense authentically with only natural materials for 30 years, to ensure the best quality. We also offer a fine bone china incense stick holder if you wish to indulge further…


What is the best incense scent?

With so many incense scents to choose from, it’s not possible to pick the ‘best’ scent. This will, of course, depend on personal preference, and often each home’s style and mood will suit a different scent.


No.88 Incense Sticks

No.88 is an iconic fragrance and our signature scent. The first and most complex in the niche Czech & Speake Aromatics Collection, No.88 has a fresh, woody top note of reviving and uplifting bergamot, the richness and warmth of geranium, rose otto, cassie and exotic frangipani. Combined with dry base notes of vetiver and sandalwood, this modern classic has a full-bodied, sophisticated sensuality.

No.88 incense black and white


Dark Rose Incense Sticks

A Dark Rose scented incense stick offers a rich and intense smell that fills any room. The spicy note of saffron is combined with an elegant bouquet of Rose of Taif, making this a beautiful fragrance that is blended with agar wood, sandalwood and rose to create an indulgent, mysterious fragrance.

rose of taif, gold incense stick holder


Spanish Cedar Incense Sticks

Spanish Cedar incense sticks are new to the range. These scented sticks offer a warm and sensuous aroma capturing the exoticism of woody and smoky notes perfectly balanced with citrus and piquant notes, including resinous cedarwood, blackberry and spicy clove.

scent stick holder marble


Perfecto Fino Incense Sticks

Perfecto Fino incense is another new addition. Tantalising citric top notes of lemon and bergamot develops into complex middle notes of cinnamon, grass and clove. Intense, woody base notes of sandalwood, patchouli, and amber complete this powerful aroma.

scent stick holder, marble table


Frankincense & Myrrh Giant Incense Sticks

With notes of orange basil, myrrh and pimento leaf, these incense sticks offer an exotic fragrance. The giant sticks are suited to being burnt outside, or in large rooms with good ventilation, making them perfect for summer gatherings or parties. Each of the 12 sticks will burn for approximately 2 hours, leaving a lasting aroma.

Large incense stick brown


Shop Incense

C&S popular productC&S

No.88 Incense Sticks x20



C&S popular productC&S

Dark Rose Incense Sticks x20



C&S popular productC&S

Spanish Cedar Incense Sticks x20



C&S popular productC&S

Perfecto Fino Incense Sticks x20



C&S popular productC&S

Frankincense & Myrrh Outdoor Incense Sticks x12



Further Readings

Rose of Taif: A Guide to The Mysterious Flower

Read More

Sleep Better with Lavender

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How to Freshen the Scent of Your Home

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